|Test of Reading Comprehension: Fourth Edition (TORC-4)|
by Virginia L. Brown, Donald D. Hammill, and J. Lee Wiederholt
Now available in a fully updated Fourth Edition, this multidimensional measure of silent reading comprehension is appropriate for grades 2 through 12 (ages 7-0 through 17-11). The TORC-4 is an excellent way to identify students who need to improve reading proficiency. It is also useful in documenting the effectiveness of remedial efforts.
The current revision is composed of five subtests assessing word identification and contextual meaning:
Items require the student to silently read a set of three related words, then consider another four words, choosing two that are associated with the original set of three.
Each item presents a sentence that is missing two words. The student silently reads each sentence, then selects from a list the pair of words that best completes it.
After silently reading a series of sentences that are not in logical order, the student rearranges the sentences to form a coherent paragraph.
The student silently reads short passages and then answers five multiple-choice questions about each passage.
Progressively more difficult passages (drawn from the Text Comprehension Subtest) are printed in uppercase letters without punctuation or spacing between words. As students read the passages, they attempt to recognize individual words, drawing a line between all those they can discern within a 3-minute time limit.
These five subtests yield a Reading Comprehension Index that represents the student's ability to understand contextual printed material. It can be compared to measures of abstract thinking, oral language abilities, and achievement.
New, age-stratified normative data are based on a sample of 1,942 students from 14 states. Validity and reliability studies are reported in the Manual, along with research demonstrating that test items are free of gender and racial bias.
Individually administered in 45 minutes or less, the TORC-4 is a reliable way to identify students who need to improve reading proficiency. By analyzing subtest performance, you can confidently design effective, individualized remediation.